Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar Biography
Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar was a great freedom fighter, publisher, educationist, social reformer and writer of the country who played an important role in getting the law passed for widow remarriage, he was also known for his simplicity, tolerance and patriotism.
He raised his voice for the rights of women in a male dominated society at a time when inequality was treated with women and did not give much importance to the education and education of women. And widowed women were treated very badly.
Hence he is also known as the Messiah of widowed women. Apart from this, he had also raised his voice against all kinds of Kurotis spread in the society like polyandry, sati and child marriage.
Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar ji believed that the best of Indian and Western traditions can be achieved only by coordinating the knowledge of English and Sanskrit languages, then let us know about the great social reformer and strong advocate of widow remarriage, Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar ji Some important things in-
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Birth, family, education and early life of Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar – Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar History
Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar was born on 26 September 1820 in a very poor family in the western Medinipur district of West Bengal as Ishwar Chandra Bandopadhyay. His father’s name was Thakurdas Bandhopadhyay and mother’s name was Bhagwati Devi.
From the beginning, Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar ji was a child of very sharp intellect, who received his early education by staying in the village school. He settled in Kolkata with his father at a young age of 6 years.
At the same time, looking at the talent and education of Ishwar Chandra Ji, scholarship was also provided to him by many educational institutions.
He completed his law studies in the year 1839, after which he continued to grow on the strength of his intelligence and prowess and later made a mark as a great philosopher, thinker, social reformer, freedom fighter.
He is also considered one of the Renaissance pillars of Bengal. Also, let us tell you that due to the amazing talent of Ishwar Chandra ji, he was awarded the title of “Vidyasagar”.
Started his career as a teacher – Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar As Teacher
Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar was born in a very poor family, so to finish his family, he initially finished his studies and started his career as a teacher.
He taught as a Sanskrit teacher at Fort William College in the year 1841, then after that he worked as an Assistant Secretary in Sanskrit College. During this time, he started efforts to improve the education system and sent a proposal to the administration.
However, he was forced to leave college for his move. However, after some time he had to again serve in the Sanskrit College as a professor of literature.
Not only this, he was also appointed as the Principal in this college, but then later he resigned due to some reasons and once again he started working as Principal Clerk in Fort William College. .
Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar life story – marriage and children of Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar
At the age of 14, he was married to a woman named Dinamani Devi. After marriage, the two also had a son named Narayan Chandra.
Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar ji was very sad due to the compressed mentality of his family, after which he left his family and moved to live in the ‘Nandankanan’ village of Jamaat district and remained there till the last time of his life.
Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar was the voice of women in the male dominated society – Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar As A Social Reformer
Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar was a great social reformer who struggled to get women their rights in a male dominated country. He played an important role in getting women a proper place in society and equal rights as men.
At the time when widowed women were treated harshly under orthodox traditions in the society, Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar ji passed the widow remarriage law, hence he is also known as the Messiah of widowed women.
Let me tell you that enforcing widow re-marriage law for Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar ji was not less than a big challenge. For this, they had to face all the struggles and had to go through all the papad, then the condition of women in the society could improve.
The widow remarriage law was first prepared by Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar ji and then after several years of efforts, this law was passed in the year 1856.
Not only this, he had also set an example in the society by getting his only son Narayan Chandra married to a widow woman.
Apart from this, she had also raised her voice against child marriage, polygamy and campaigned vigorously to promote the education of women.
Women’s education was strongly encouraged:
The great social reformer Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar ji not only worked to improve the condition of widows in the society, but also greatly encouraged the education of women. She established the Metropolitan College in Kolkata with a series of schools for women’s education.
Not only this, he also had to bear the expenses of the schools opened for girls on his shoulders and he used to spend whatever money he earned by writing his books, for the education of girls.
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Apart from this, he had contributed significantly to the development of Bengali language, hence he is also considered the father of modern Bengali language.
Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar Death – Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar Death
The health of Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar, who devoted his whole life to the service of the nation, was deteriorating in the last days of his life, due to which he breathed his last in July 29, 1891 in Kolkata.
He will always be remembered for the work done for women in the society and for passing the widow re-marriage act.
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